Diuretics and Diabetes

Diuretics and Diabetes

Summary Diuretics, also known as water pills, are medications that stimulate the kidneys to produce more urine, flushing excess fluids from the body. They are frequently prescribed to treat a number of conditions, including high blood pressure, heart failure and kidney disease. Reducing salt and water levels in the body lowers blood pressure throughout the …

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Cholesterol Drugs and Diabetes

Cholesterol Drugs and Diabetes

Summary Cholesterol drugs improve levels of fats in the blood, including cholesterol and triglycerides. Unhealthy levels of fats in the bloodstream increase the risk of hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), heart attack, stroke, diabetes and other conditions. Cholesterol drugs are frequently prescribed for diabetic individuals because diabetes increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disorders and …

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Aspirin and Diabetes

Aspirin and Diabetes

Summary For many years, physicians have recommended a daily aspirin to certain patients who have or are at risk of cardiovascular disease. Diabetes significantly increases the risk of developing cardiovascular conditions such as heart attack and stroke. Research conducted since the early 1970s have consistently shown that taking a daily aspirin can improve blood flow …

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Antidiabetic Agents

Antidiabetic Agents

Also called: Antihyperglycemic Agents, Oral Hypoglycemic Agents, Hypoglycemic Agents Summary Antidiabetic agents are drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes, in addition to exercise and diet. These drugs help lower blood glucose (blood sugar) levels. Classes of oral diabetes medications include: Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors Biguanides Meglitinides Sulfonylureas Thiazolidinediones A new group called DPP-4 inhibitors In addition …

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Aldose Reductase Inhibitors

Aldose Reductase Inhibitors

Also called: ARIs Summary Aldose reductase inhibitors (ARIs) are an experimental class of medications that inhibit an enzyme (protein that produces chemical reactions in the body) called aldose reductase. This enzyme normally increases the rate at which aldoses (types of sugars) are reduced to sorbitol, a sugar alcohol. Sorbitol can cause problems for people with …

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