Teeth whitening today: means, rules and indication

Teeth whitening

People have always been concerned about their health. No matter what we care about – our legs, our back, blood, stomach or teeth. In every field a human tries to get the maximal benefit safety for its health. And it seems that the stomatology is one of such successive areas of the human health.

Twentieth century provided stomatology that was previously considered as first aid the status of medical-prophylactic branch of the healthcare vital for everyone.

Today any city-dweller and even countryman visits dentists several times a year thus using experts’ recommendations in choosing cosmetics for mouth cavity, googles for professional secrets of “healthy smile”. All of us are ready to spend lots of time for our 32 teeth. And this is quite considerable recognition of the XXI century humanity that is used to set a high value on every second of its lives!

Such a sharp popularization of the “science of mouth cavity” (Greek “stomatos” – mouth) was a consequence of the general growth of the standard of living at our planet and an influence of the aestethics in environment and personality perception. Fashion trends and mass consumption culture also contributed to this however all these factors confirmed with hundreds of the scientific discoveries in the stomatology area marked the evolution of the healthy life-style and medicine by the example of its single direction.

The whole “industry in industry” – the complex of the methods for teeth whitening appeared at the top of this evolutionary iceberg within the last decades of the twentieth century. In response to the demand generated by the myths about “Hollywood smile” the worlds dentists developed quite sufficient “supply” including everything from special cosmetics and up to ultramodern elaborations in laser and nanotechnologies use. The peculiarity of this quite capitalistic process is that every developer praised only his or her means for whitening whereas it was and still is quite complicated to get objective information concerning the required matter.

Let’s try to systemize the information about various methods of getting dazzling smile as impartially as it is possible.

Prevent, not treat

The golden rule of the stomatology and the whole medicine “it is better to prevent than treat in aftermath” fully relates to the teeth whitening. First of all, such prophylaxis will turn to be almost free for you. Secondly, it will be useful for the whole body besides the mouth cavity: many products and habits causing teeth staining are not safe a priori. They include: smoking, coffee, lemonades and still drinks containing dyes, chocolate. However there are also harmless and even useful for the teeth foods like bilberries for instance.

The excesses of the fluorine is one of the negative factors for your smile that may cause sickness called fluorosis. The use of the such antibiotic as tetracycline threatens your teeth enamel with many tints from grey to bluish one.

Perhaps the only reason of the pigmentation that will be difficult to avoid is the age-specific one. The coloring effect of the foods, drinks, cigarettes increases with the years. It also causes more microcracks and enamel defects. The situation with release of the secondary dentin worsens. The real assistant here is only healthy life-style within youth. Or good whitening as well. And let’s talk about the latter one in more details.

Folk remedies

Despite the achievements of the modern stomatology in the teeth whitening many people often aspires to whiten teeth with the old folk remedies. They are quite inexpensive and tested with the long years and surely will bring no harm (when used properly).

Let’s check baking soda for instance! Dip the toothbrush into the concentrated solution of this material and clean teeth with it. This is the entire recipe. It is possible to mix it with the toothpaste to decrease the taste of the soda. But this may harm as well. Baking soda destroys teeth enamel cruelly when used more than once a week.

According to another recipe the brush is being dipped into the wooden ashes: the misroscopical potassium hydroxed crystals clean the thin patch on the teeth surface and in hard-to-reach places. The wooden ashes may be replaced with the activated carbon tablets that are to be crushed and used to clean teeth as the common tooth-powder. At the same time gums may turn black however for a short period of time. But as in the backing soda example too often or too painstaking use of it may thin the teeth enamel and damage gums.

Wild strawberries as well as garden strawberries are not only dainty but also the mean to whiten teeth as these berries contain natural whitening components. Berries should be crushed and put onto teeth like the toothpaste. Or you may simply press the berry onto your teeth for its juices to appear. As the berries contain glucose and various acids it is quite important to clean teeth or at least rinse mouth with water after such berry whitening. Lemon is also may be used to rub it onto teeth.

Chemical means

Now we’d turn from the folk remedies to the means developed by the chemical methods. Let’s recall the magical properties of the hydrogen peroxide that was already studied in the XIX century as the mean to whiten teeth. Though it was later forgotten by the dentists for a long time. Its return from the “nonexistence” occurred only in the middle of XX century within the folk remedies area. A bit later in 1960 hydrogen peroxide was regarded as the “ancestor” for various successful method of home teeth whitening.

There are lots of such methods: whitening toothpastes, gels, rinsers and etc. Let’s look through the classification of these means without detailed considering each of them.

Cosmetics make-up means

These ones can only mask the surface pigmentation of the teeth. In other words the pigmented part of the tooth is covered with a lighter layer of chemical compound appearing in the toothpaste or rinser. Such method is quite harmless one. However the result stability may vary from one patient to another. Furthermore it is not quite easy to keep the result achieved.

Abrasive effect

In fact it means erasing the pigmentation. Toothpastes commonly contain various abrasive ingredients allowing mechanical cleaning of teeth. Some abrasives like hydrogenated silicon efficiently remove surface deposit without damaging hard tissues of the tooth. Soapy materials like sodium lauryl sulfate contribute to polishing properties of the toothpastes abrasive compounds. Despite the fact that toothpastes remove surface deposits quite well the whitening effect may be provided by the mechanical grinding of the teeth enamel and dentine.

Chemical pellicle erasure

This is the number of chemical ingredients included into the toothpastes formulation that provides teeth whitening due to removing of colored pellicle and prevents above gum tooth deposits appearing. Such crystallization inhibitors as pyrophosphates prevent mineralization of the soft tooth deposit. Thus the pastes containing inhibitors have prophylaxis meaning by preventing surface pigment on the teeth.

Clinical whitening

And finally the top of the modern stomatology. It is the most reliable and safe whitening that is held in the dentist’s office. Below is the list of the most popular teeth whitening services demanded in the dentist’s office. This list is a universal one. No matter where you are all these services are available almost everywhere as the technical progress knows no borders.

Professional cleaning

Dentist cleans teeth with special attachment and as a result natural whiteness appears from under the deposit and scurf. Commonly deposit is being processed.

Ultrasound whitening

This procedure is more like a cleaning rather a whitening. It removes deposit, pigments and odontolith. It is more traditional rather than innovative mean of the dentists’ job.

Laser whitening

Light exposure may be provided by the various methods, however only such professional method as laser whitening really whitens teeth of any type and color. During the whitening session you rest in the armchair and the dentist covers the teeth with a hydrogen peroxide gel and light-strikes it with the directed to the each tooth laser beam. This provides considerably better effect of the teeth whitening in shorter period of time than the other methods. The total time of each tooth exposure to the laser is up 2 minutes. Thanks to this there is almost no sensitivity within the teeth whitening. And the effect is more apparent as the whitening is the caused not only by the hydrogen peroxide impact but also due to the laser ability to decompose the pigments. And already in 1-3 sessions you get teeth turned white for several tints.

ZOOM 3 technology – is the system of the teeth exposure to the light developed in the 2007. ZOOM AP light is used in combination with the branded gel. The system is characterized by the tenfold growth of the light beam power and multiplex reduction of the whitening procedure sensitivity as well as the possibility to look at the results of the whitening in 45 minutes.

Internal whitening of the alone tooth. Sometimes there is a need to whiten a tooth from the inside. For instance, the tooth is being colored in pink tint after the mechanic injury. In some time such teeth turn into red-brown tint. In such cases a special whitening gel is being placed inside the tooth. The tooth cavity is then covered with the temporary filling. The dentist repeats gel application within the next visit. The whitening course may require 3-5 visits to the doctor. After the treatment is over the cavity is covered with permanent tooth filling.

And the most important…

The most important is to remember about the necessity of the complex approach. The matter is the harmony within your mouth cavity is up to the quite different and unexpected factors like your mental harmony is up to your teeth whiteness. Keep a healthy lifestyle, eat healthy foods, keep the hygiene rules, avoid the temperature drops and then you will be sure in not only your smile whiteness but in your health as well. And of course – smile more!

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