STIs (sexually transmitted Infections) – Info and Treatments

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are spread from person to person through unprotected sexual contact. The most common STIs includes; chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, syphilis and gonorrhoea. In the last few decades, sexually transmitted infections have become a growing concern in the UK. It must be understood that STIs are not only spread through unprotected vaginal intercourse, but can also be passed on through oral and anal sex and in the case of genital herpes, through skin contact of the infected area.

Fortunately, many of these infections are now treatable with a course of effective antibiotic and antiviral treatments. As well as being clinically proven, our service is totally discreet and entirely confidential, with free same and next day delivery available. Once you have decided what treatment is most suited to your condition, all you will need to do is complete a short consultation, which will be reviewed by our doctor to ensure the chosen treatment is right for you. This service should not be taken as a replacement of standard tests at a sexual health clinic, it is always advised to take a test first to determine whether you actually have a sexually transmitted infection.

How do I know if I have an STI (sexually transmitted infection)?

Unfortunately, most STIs are asymptomatic, which means that you are unlikely to experience any obvious or visible symptoms. If you do happen to experience symptoms they may include:

  • Unusual discharge
  • Pain during sex
  • Pain when passing urine
  • Unusual rashes or sores in the genital area
  • Pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Unexplained bleeding from the genital area

It is always advisable for you to visit your doctor for regular tests if you have or have had unprotected sex recently, especially with more than one sexual partner.

Types of STIs (sexually transmitted infections)?

There are various STIs currently in circulation, with the NHS stating the following as the main infections present in most cases:


This is one of the most common STIs, but is also one of the easiest to treat and cure. It is caused be the chlamydia trachomatis bacteria and is easily passed through vaginal and seminal fluids from an infected person during unprotected sex.

Symptoms of Chlamydia

Between 50-70% of those with the infection don’t have any visible symptoms and some are mild enough to go unnoticed. It is essential that chlamydia is diagnosed as if it is ignored, it can cause long term damage in particularly infertility if untreated. Identifiable symptoms that are usually caused by chlamydia include:

  • In Women – pelvic and abdominal pain, heavier periods and irregular bleeding, pain during urination and an unusual vaginal discharge that may have a strong smell
  • In Men – cloudy/milky discharge from the tip of the penis, pain when urinating and throbbing pain in the testicles

If any or a combination of these are experienced, it is essential you seek diagnosis and help at your local GUM clinic. If you have already been diagnosed with chlamydia then medically proven treatments such as Azithromycin are very effective at treating the bacterial infection. It is always important to take further tests after finishing a course of treatments to ensure that the infection has fully gone, it is also recommended to wait at least 7 days after the infection has cleared up before engaging in sexual activity.

Genital herpes

This is another common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Unlike bacterial infections, viral infections cannot be completely cured but can be treated and become dormant/inactive in the body (although outbreaks can be experienced at various points in a person’s life). This infection can affect the genital, anal and oral region in the form of genital herpes and cold sores.

Symptoms of Genital Herpes

A person with this infection may show no symptoms at all, and some may not show any symptoms for up to 5 days or even a few weeks. If you do suffer from symptoms of this STI they usually follow a common pattern:

  • Feeling ill with flu like symptoms, weakness, fever and aches around the body
  • Irritation and itching of the infected genital region
  • Blisters form around the genital region, which burst and leave painful sores around genitals, anal region and thighs
  • Pain when urinating usually due to the urine irritating the sores

Treatment for this condition is usually aimed at lessening the pain from the sores and preventing the virus from spreading which could lead them to be inactive. It is best to start treatment within 3-5 days of a new outbreak and anti-viral tablets are very effective at managing the problem. Treatments such as Valtrex (valaciclovir), Aciclovir or Famvir (famciclovir) are usually recommended for clearing up the sores and suppressing their growth. It is advised not to have any form of sexual intercourse if you know an outbreak is about to occur and also for no less than 7 days after the outbreak has been treated.

Genital warts

This is the most commonly spread STI and is caused by the HPV (human papilloma virus), not all those who get this viral infection have visible signs and it is not known to cause any long term damage to an infected person’s health. This infection is usually passed on through sexual skin contact with an infected individual and equally affects both men and women. The warts can spread from the genital region to the anus and although very rare it is possible to develop the warts around the mouth due to oral sex. It is not possible to get genital warts from hugging, sharing cutlery, kissing or using the same toilet as someone that has the infection.

Symptoms of Genital Warts

As the condition can be asymptomatic, the warts may not be clearly visible and could clear up on their own within time, therefore it is sometimes difficult to know if you or your partner have the infection. If symptoms do occur, they are usually seen as:

  • In Women – Small, fleshy warts around the region, usually in or around the cervix, vulva, vagina or anal region
  • In Men – warts are usually on the scrotum, the penis shaft, around the inner thighs or the anal region
  • The warts can be painless or irritating, they could also be smooth and small or bulbous and sore

Due to the nature of the virus, it is quite difficult to know sometimes if you have it, which it is why it is essential that you practice safe sex and that you and your partner have sexual health tests regularly to ensure you are both free of the STI. Treatment for this infection is usually prescribed in the case of visible or painful warts, and usually comes in the form of a topical cream or solution, freezing the warts, laser treatment or surgery. The safest and the most common of these is the application of a topical solution, with the most commonly prescribed being Condyline which is usually applied for a few days a week till the warts clear up. The use of barrier contraceptives such as condoms, are recommended during and at least 2 months after treatment.


Gonnorhoea is a rapidly rising STI that can be painful and is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcus). This STI affects both men and women and if left untreated, can cause infertility. It is easily passed from person to person through the seminal and vaginal fluid during unprotected sexual contact and the sharing of sexual toys with someone that has the infection. It is also said that the bacteria can be passed on to a newborn baby from the mother and can also spread to other areas around the genital region based on the secretion of the vaginal or seminal fluids

Symptoms of Gonnorhoea

Symptoms of this infection usually appear within 2 weeks or longer, and are usually characterised:

  • In Women – Yellow or green tainted discharge from the vagina, abdominal pain and pain when passing urine
  • In Men – Unusually thick coloured discharge from the tip of the penis, pain when urinating and sometimes aching of the testicles

As the infection is bacterial, it can only be cured through a course of antibiotics. An antibiotic injection (usually available from your local GUM clinic or health center) is the best option, said to be around 95% at treating the STI. Coupled with another available option, an antibiotic tablet(s) such as Azithromycin, both can help to fight the stubborn gonnorhoea strains. It is highly advised that you or your partner do not have sex during the treatment phase until you have both been tested again and confirmed to be clear of the gonnorhoea infection


This sexual infection is not too common, but can still cause long term damage if left untreated. Caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum and is usually passed on through the syphilis sores that are present in the infected person(s). Syphilis can also be transferred from a pregnant woman to her child and also through the blood (namely blood transfusions). Apart from sexual contact, this infection can be easily passed through the sharing of sexual toys with an infected person. It is not possible though to get the STI through kissing, hugging, using cutlery or sharing the toilet with someone that is infected.

Symptoms of Syphilis

Sometimes it is difficult for those infected to know that they have syphilis as it can develop within weeks or months. Fortunately, the infection goes through four symptomatic stages which should help make it easier to identify and treat at an earlier stage.

  • Primary syphilis – this usually occurs between 7 days and 3 months of the initial infection and can be identified by a few painless sores around the genital area. These may take up to 6 weeks to heal at which point the infection may have spread to other body parts
  • Secondary syphilis – at this stage a rash develops that is usually not itchy and can appear anywhere on the body. Wart like growths may also start to appear around the genital and anal region of both men and women. Possible hair loss can also occur, as well as white patches on the tongue or roof of the mouth.
  • Latent syphilis – this type of syphilis occurs with no visible signs or symptoms, so therefore it can go undetected for a long time, whilst affecting the body internally.
  • Third stage (tertiary) syphilis – this is the last stage of syphilis and occurs when the infection has been present for a long time in the body at which stage it can damage many organs including the heart and nervous system, and could result in death.>/li>

Ensuring you are using a condom/femdom and having regular tests can help you to avoid this infection, or even make you aware that you have the STI if it has shown no symptoms. Syphilis is mostly treated by the combination of an antibiotic injection and tablets. The injection can be done at your local sex health center (GUM clinic) as well as the tablets, which can be bought from a trusted health provider. The tablet treatment usually lasts for around two weeks and can only be received on prescription either from your local clinic or safely online, it is also possible for pregnant women to use the treatment safely.

Trichimonas Vaginalis

This sexually transmitted infection can be found in men and women, and is often known as trichomonas, trichomoniasis, or TV. It is usually caused by a small parasite that causes infection in the vagina or urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body). This STI is easily passed on through unprotected sexual contact, or use of infected sexual toys. It is not known though, to be transferable through oral or anal sex, kissing, sharing cutlery or hugging someone with the infection.

Symptoms of Trichimonas Vaginalis

Around 50% of those with this STI may not know that they have it or may show no symptoms at all. If symptoms do occur, they are usually present within 1-2 months.

  • In Women – Thicker, yellowish discharge from the vagina, which may be accompanied by a foul smell, pain when passing urine and soreness or inflammation around the vaginal region
  • In Men – Thin, cloudy discharge from the penis and possible pain when urinating

Treating this STI usually involves a course of antibiotic tablets taken in a single dose, or as a single dose across a week (as directed by your doctor). It is important to also remember that alcohol cannot be consumed alongside the treatment as it can cause a negative interaction thereby reducing the effectiveness of the antibiotic. If you may be pregnant, it is essential you make the doctor aware of this, as the treatment may not be suitable to use and an alternative may be more suitable. After treatment, it is important that you nor your partner have any form of sexual intercourse (whether oral, vaginal or anal) until another test has determined that you are both free of the infection. Trichomonas vaginalis is not known to cause cervical cancer or infertility. To remain protected from further infection or similar STIs, it is recommended that you use a barrier contraceptive such as a condom or femdom and do not share sexual toys with others without having them cleaned.

Preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Contraceptive barriers such as male or female condoms are the only way to prevent against sexually transmitted infections, however, these can occasionally slip or tear, therefore you have to ensure you take extra care when engaging in sexual intercourse with a new partner. There are three types of STIs, these include: bacterial, viral and parasitic. Many STIs are also asymptomatic – which means they show no symptoms at all, and as a result often fail to get treated. Therefore the only way to guarantee non-infection is by practicing safe, protected sex or through abstinence. There are other preventative measures that can be taken such as:

  • Regular sexual health testing of you and your partner
  • Reducing the amount of sexual partners you are in contact with
  • Avoiding sexual encounters when under heavy influence of alcohol or drugs
  • Get a Hepatitis B (HBV) and HPV vaccinations

If you do happen to have an STI it is important that you do not have sex with anyone unless you are protected to avoid spreading it, it is also best to inform them about the infection you have and the safest procedure around the risk. STIs can usually be treated and you can have a healthy sexual relationship again.

How can I treat an STI?

There are a number of treatments that have been proven to clinically treat an STI. The most important thing however is that you get the right treatment. Bacterial infections such as gonorrhoea or chlamydia can usually be treated with a combination of antibiotic injections and tablets. Parasitic infections are often treated successfully with the right medication. Viral STIs such as genital herpes or genital warts cannot be cured, but can be managed effectively with the right treatment, meaning a good standard of living is still existing.

Can I buy STI treatment online?

Yes. Here at Meds4all we provide effective treatment and a safe and confidential service that will allow you to buy your medication discreetly. Simply select your treatment; you will then need to complete our free online consultation form. This is so our doctor can be sure that the medication you select is safe and suited to your needs. If approved, a prescription will be issued and sent to our pharmacy where your order will be sent to you via our next day delivery service, and if eligible even our same day delivery.

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