Drug Class and Mechanism of Action of Revia
Revia is a narcotic antagonist drug. It acts by blocking the effects of injectable opioids like heroin, narcotic pain reliever etc. It also decreases alcohol consumption in alcoholics.
Therapeutic Uses of Revia
Revia is used for treatment of alcoholism and narcotic (opioid) addiction in adults, as part of a complete treatment program. It can also be used in other medical conditions as directed by your doctor.
Direction of use of Revia
Revia should be taken as per direction of your doctor. Read the label carefully on the medicine for exact dosing instructions. Revia is taken by mouth with food or without food. But you should not take Revia until the naltrexone challenge test is negative.
Before taking Revia, you should be mentally prepared to take it, you must be free of substance abuse (alcohol, opiod drugs etc.) for 7 to 10 days, you must not have any severe or active liver or kidney problems, and you must not have any other medical problems or conditions that make taking Revia inadvisable.
If You Miss a Dose of Revia
If you miss a dose of Revia, you should skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule of Revia. Do not take 2 doses of Revia at once.
How to Store Revia
Revia should be stored at 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Brief storage between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Revia should be stored away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Revia out of the reach of children.
More Information About Revia
Revia is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with others. If you have any doubt about Revia, you should ask your doctor or other health care provider.
Precautions to be Taken While Taking Revia
Do not take Revia if you are suffering from any of the medical conditions that are listed below:
- If you are allergic to any of the ingredients of Revia.
- If you have hepatitis, liver failure, or any other liver disease.
- If you are taking narcotic medications for pain (opioid analgesics), or you are dependent on narcotics or you are experiencing withdrawal symptoms from narcotics or you have failed the challenge test with Revia , or have tested positive for narcotics.
Important notes about Revia:
- Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks that need constant attention and monitoring, while you are on Revia.
- Pregnancy and breast feeding: If you are pregnant you should not take Revia. If you become pregnant, discuss with your doctor about the benefits and risks of using Revia during pregnancy. It is not clear if Revia is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Revia, consult with your doctor or other health care provider to discuss the risks to your baby.
- Carry identification to alert health care providers that you are taking Revia. You can get a medication card from your doctor to use for this purpose.
- If you have to undergo any medical or dental treatments, emergency care, or surgery, you should inform your doctor or dentist that you are using Revia.
- Consult your health care provider at once if any signs or symptoms of hepatitis occur while taking Revia (signs and symptoms of hepatitis are stomach pain lasting more than a few days; dark urine; yellowing of the skin or eyes).
- Do not use narcotics while taking Revia, (especially opioid-containing medicines like cough and cold products, pain relievers, heroin etc.) because Revia may increase your sensitivity to narcotics. Therefore, even very low doses may cause coma and can be life threatening.
- You should inform your doctor or dentist before you have any medical or dental surgery or emergency treatments, that you are taking Revia.
- Lab tests, like liver function test, may be performed to monitor your progress and also to check for side effects. You should keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Use Revia with extreme caution in children younger than 18 years of age, because safety and effectiveness of Revia in this age group have not been confirmed.
Possible Adverse Effects of Revia
- The common and less serious side effects of Revia are nausea, vomiting, anxiety; appetite loss; chills; constipation; delayed ejaculation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; feeling down; headache; increased energy; increased thirst; irritability; joint pain, muscle pain; low energy, nervousness, sleeplessness; stomach pain, stomach cramps etc. Consult your doctor if any of the common and less serious side effects become persistent and bothersome to you.
- Serious and uncommon side effects of Revia are severe allergic reaction ( the symptoms of allergic reaction are rash, hives, itching, difficulty breathing, tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abdominal or stomach pain; cramping; dark urine; depression; suicidal thoughts or behaviors; unusual tiredness or weakness; vomiting; white bowel movements; yellowing of the skin or eyes. If you experience any serious side effects of Revia, you should get immediate medical attention.