Glucose Meter

Glucose Meter

Also called: Blood Glucose Meter Summary A glucose meter is a small, portable device designed for home use that checks glucose (blood sugar). The meter warns when blood glucose is out of range so people with diabetes can take immediate steps to correct it. Keeping glucose close to the physician-prescribed target range can reduce or …

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Glucose

Glucose

Also called: Blood Sugar, Blood Glucose Summary Glucose is a sugar found in the bloodstream that is the body’s main source of energy. It is a simple sugar, meaning it cannot be broken down into other sugars. People obtain glucose by eating foods that contain carbohydrates, such as breads and cereals, vegetables, fruits and sugary …

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Also called: DKA, Ketoacidosis Summary Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous condition that can occur when a severe lack of insulin causes the body to break down fats instead of glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This process causes acidic waste products called ketones to build up in the blood. If untreated, DKA can lead to …

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Diabetic Coma

Diabetic Coma

Also called: Nonketotic Coma, Hypoglycemic Coma, Hyperosmolar Coma, Hyperglycemic Coma Summary Diabetic coma is a state of unconsciousness that can put a patient at risk of brain damage or even death. It is triggered by either persistent and extreme elevations in glucose (blood sugar) levels (hyperglycemia) or abnormally low glucose levels (hypoglycemia). A person in …

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Dawn Phenomenon

Dawn Phenomenon

Summary Dawn phenomenon is a rise in glucose (blood sugar) in the early morning. This occurs naturally in everybody, but in people with diabetes it can result in abnormally high glucose (hyperglycemia). Dawn phenomenon usually occurs between 4 a.m. and 8 a.m. Overnight the body releases a group of hormones known as counterregulatory hormones. These natural chemicals …

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