Basics

Diabetes is a disorder in the body’s ability to break down blood sugar. In type 1 diabetes, the body produces no insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough or cannot use insulin. The endocrine system is made up of the glands and hormones that regulate mood, growth and development, metabolism, tissue function, and sexual and reproductive functions.

Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Also called: Endocrine Glands Summary The endocrine system is a network of glands that produce and secrete hormones involved in controlling many functions of the body. This includes growth and development, stability of internal bodily systems (homeostasis), metabolism and sexual function. Glands and hormones are the primary features of the endocrine system. Glands are collections …

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Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Insipidus

Also called: Water Diabetes, DI Summary Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a rare disorder in which the kidneys stop conserving water. Despite the similarities in name and some symptoms, it should not be confused with diabetes mellitus because these two endocrine conditions are unrelated. In its most common form, DI is caused by damage to a part …

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Diabetes Basics

Diabetes Basics

Summary Diabetes is a disorder that affects the body’s ability to make or use insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that allows the body’s cells to process glucose (blood sugar) for energy. Diabetes results in abnormal levels of glucose in the bloodstream. This can cause severe short-term and long-term consequences ranging from …

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Dental Care and Diabetes

Dental Care and Diabetes

Summary Periodontal diseases are infections that occur in the gums and bones that anchor the teeth. They are more likely to occur in people with diabetes than in nondiabetics, mostly as a result of poor glucose (blood sugar) control. Periodontal diseases can lead to pain, chewing problems and bleeding. In severe cases, gum tissue and …

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