Basics

Diabetes is a disorder in the body’s ability to break down blood sugar. In type 1 diabetes, the body produces no insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough or cannot use insulin. The endocrine system is made up of the glands and hormones that regulate mood, growth and development, metabolism, tissue function, and sexual and reproductive functions.

Sick Days and Diabetes

Sick Days and Diabetes

Also called: Sick Day Plan Summary Suffering an illness can affect a diabetic patient’s glucose (blood sugar) levels and cause serious conditions that can lead to a coma or possibly death. To prevent complications, patients should develop a sick-day management plan in advance with their diabetes care team. When patients become ill, they will then …

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Secondary Diabetes

Secondary Diabetes

Summary Secondary diabetes is diabetes caused by another condition or a medical treatment. Dozens of conditions can damage the body’s complex regulation of glucose and insulin levels. For example: Pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis or hemochromatosis can disrupt pancreas function. Endocrine disorders such as acromegaly or Cushing’s syndrome may alter the production of hormones. Certain drugs and …

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Prediabetes

Prediabetes

Also called: Chemical Diabetes, Borderline Diabetes, Impaired Fasting Glucose, Subclinical Diabetes, Impaired Glucose Tolerance, IFG, Latent Diabetes, IGT Summary A patient is diagnosed as having prediabetes when glucose (blood sugar) is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. At least 43 million Americans have this condition, according to estimates by …

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Musculoskeletal Disorders Diabetes

Musculoskeletal Disorders and Diabetes

Summary Diabetes can influence the development and severity of many musculoskeletal disorders. These are conditions that adversely affect muscles and bones. The higher incidence of musculoskeletal disorders in people with diabetes appears to be partly a result of damage caused by high levels of glucose (blood sugar). In addition to damaging nerves and blood vessels, …

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Gene Therapy and Diabetes

Gene Therapy and Diabetes

Summary Gene therapy is an experimental method using healthy genes to repair or modify cells. It is being developed to treat diabetes, cancer, heart disease and other conditions. Genes are the basic unit of heredity. Humans have tens of thousands of genes, each of which contains a strand of DNA. DNA provides instructions to various …

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