Diabetes & Endocrine

Insulin Administration

Insulin Administration

Also called: Insulin Dosing Methods Summary The ability to correctly self-administer doses of insulin is crucial to the long-term health of many people with diabetes. Insulin is a hormone necessary to process glucose (blood sugar), the body’s main source of energy. All people with type 1 diabetes, and some with type 2 diabetes or other …

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Insulin

Insulin

Summary Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps move glucose (blood sugar) from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. The cells break down glucose and convert it to energy. When the body cannot produce insulin or fails to respond properly to it, glucose builds up in the blood. This condition …

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Implantable Insulin Pump

Implantable Insulin Pump

Summary Implantable insulin pumps are emerging insulin-delivery devices that can be surgically implanted under the skin of individuals with diabetes. The pump delivers a continuous basal dose of insulin through a catheter and into the patient’s abdominal cavity. Patients can self-administer a bolus dose with a remote-control device. These pumps are still used only experimentally …

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Hyperinsulinemia

Hyperinsulinemia

Also called: Hyperinsulinism Summary Hyperinsulinemia is an abnormally high level of insulin in the bloodstream. Chronic hyperinsulinemia is most often caused by insulin resistance, a condition in which the body cannot use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone necessary to move glucose (blood sugar) from the bloodstream into the cells for use as energy. Insulin …

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Somogyi Effect

Somogyi Effect

Also called: Rebound Effect, Somogyi Phenomenon Summary The Somogyi effect is a sudden swing to high glucose levels (hyperglycemia) after episodes of low glucose (hypoglycemia) during sleep. A patient may go to sleep with normal glucose levels, but levels may drop during the night and result in nocturnal hypoglycemia. This in turn may trigger the …

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