Bone Health

Bone is a living, growing tissue. It is mostly made of a protein called collagen that combines with calcium to make bone strong, but flexible. Various disorders can affect bone health. In osteoporosis, bones weaken, making them susceptible to fracture. Osteomyelitis is an infection of bone tissue. Osteopenia is a loss of bone mass that often precedes osteoporosis.

Vertebroplasty Kyphoplasty

Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty – Benefits and risks

Summary Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are minimally invasive forms of spine surgery used to treat pain resulting from compression fractures of the spine (vertebrae). Vertebral compression fractures are usually caused by osteoporosis. This disease causes 700,000 vertebral fractures each year in the United States, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. Patients may experience limited mobility, a …

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Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis – Causes, Signs and symptoms

Summary Osteoporosis is a disorder in which the bones lose mass and density and become prone to fractures. It frequently affects women during and after menopause, and it is also common in elderly men. Bones lose mass naturally as people age, but osteoporosis hastens this loss. The many contributors to osteoporosis include: Lifestyle factors such …

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Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis -Causes, Signs and symptoms

Also called: Chronic Osteomyelitis, Acute Osteomyelitis Summary Osteomyelitis is an inflammation of bone due to infection. The infection can be acute or chronic and is usually bacterial. Risk factors for osteomyelitis include traumatic injury, diabetes, an impaired immune system, atherosclerosis, sickle cell anemia, bone surgery, hemodialysis and intravenous drug abuse. Signs and symptoms can include …

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Bone Density Test

Bone Density Test

Also called: Bone Densitometry, Radiographic Absorptiometry, DEXA Scan, Dual Energy X Ray Absorptiometry Scan, Absorptiometry, Dual Photon Densitometry Summary Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry is a painless, noninvasive imaging test that measures a person’s bone mineral density. More commonly known as a DEXA scan, a bone density test or bone densitometry, it is considered the most accurate …

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