Health

Detailed health information on multiple conditions, diseases, prevention and treatments for all your family’s medical needs.

Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome

Also called: CHAOS, Metabolic Syndrome X, Reavens Syndrome, Insulin Resistance Syndrome, Dysmetabolic Syndrome Summary Metabolic syndrome is the name given to a cluster of medical conditions that significantly increase an individual’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular conditions, such as heart attack and stroke. Definitions of metabolic syndrome vary. The National Institutes of …

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Genetics and Diabetes

Genetics and Diabetes

Summary Genetics may play a role in the development of diabetes for many patients, along with environment and behavior. Scientists have linked several specific genes to the various forms of diabetes. The risks of developing type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease, are greater when a parent also has the disease. This factor indicates a probable …

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Age and Diabetes Risk

Age and Diabetes Risk

Summary Diabetes is a disease that affects people of all ages. However, the incidence of type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and other forms of this disorder vary from one age group to another. Type 2 diabetes (formerly called adult-onset diabetes) accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diabetes cases. In this form, the …

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Thiazolidinediones

Thiazolidinediones

Also called: Glitazones Summary Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are a group of antidiabetic agents that can be used along with exercise and diet to lower glucose (blood sugar) levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. These pills reduce resistance to insulin, a hormone that moves glucose from the bloodstream so the cells can use it for energy. …

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Sulfonylurea Agents

Sulfonylurea Agents

Also called: Sulfonylureas Summary Sulfonylurea agents are medications that can be used, along with exercise and diet, to lower glucose (blood sugar) levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. These antidiabetic agents stimulate the pancreas to release more insulin, which transports glucose out of the bloodstream and into the cells to be used for energy. …

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