Drug Class and Mechanism of Action of Atarax
Atarax is an antihistamine and antineurotic drug at the same time. It alleviates allergic reactions, reduces anxiety and other phobic disorders. Particularly, this medication suppresses the production of histamine – a substance that actually causes allergic reactions. Atarax reduces itching in patients suffering exema, dermatitis and urticaria, slows down gastric secretion and can be used as an antiemetic.
Atarax exerts a direct sedative effect on the subcortical structure of the brain, thus bringing relaxation to the muscular system, internal organs and blood vessels.
It is absorbed into blood shortly after you take it. It takes minutes for Atarax to clear the blood-brain barrier and about 30 minutes for patients to feel the effect.
Therapeutic Uses of Atarax
Atarax is used for the treatment of severe allergies. Due to its strong spasmolytic effect, as it contributes to the dilation of blood vessels, it can be highly instrumental in relaxing internal organs. Due to its exceptional broncholytic effect, which lies in dilating bronchial tubes, it can be life-saving in case of an asthma attack. It is great for the treatment of allergic asthma. Finally, due to its ability to inhibit the production of histamine, it is used for the treatment of allergy-related skin problems.
Atarax is a kind of tranquilization drug, which reduces emotional strain, relieves fear and anxiety and helps your body and mind regain comfort. It is good for symptomatic treatment of neurosis and other psychotic disorders, which manifest themselves in irritability, phobias, tremors, apathy, etc.
Atarax is used to treat hangover and alcohol-related psycho-somatic and behavioral disorders. Not uncommonly, it is used to speed up post-anesthesia recovery.
Direction of use of Atarax
Atarax is available in pills and in vials, so it can be taken both orally and by injection.
Pills should be taken with food, and it is recommended to wash it down with water or milk.
It is absolutely imperative that you consult your physician before using Atarax. It takes a certain amount of time for your body to get used to the drug, so let the doctor estimate your overall condition to determine dosage. Once you get the prescription, you should strictly follow your doctor’s recommendations. Do not change your dose or stop using the drug without his or her advice.
Keep your physician informed about your physical condition. If things get worse or you have severe side effects, contact him/her immediately.
If taken by injection, it should be intramuscular. Subdermal injection can be painful and it may cause severe skin damage.
Dose of Atarax, if Missed
Usually, the daily dose is divided into several portions as prescribed by your doctor. Under no circumstances should you take twice the amount per unit of time! If you have missed it and it is about time to take the following dose, skip it. Excess of the drug can be destructive for the gastric mucosa.
How to Store Atarax
Keep the drug in a dark and dry place safely away from children. The optimal storage temperature is 15-30 degrees C (59-86 degrees F). Do not expose the medicine to direct sunlight, heat or moisture. Do not freeze or shake up vials before use. If you don’t need to use the medication any more or the term of use has expired, do not throw it into the wastebasket or flush it down the drain or toilet. Consult your local health care provider, pharmacist or waste disposal organization and have the drug discarded properly.
More Information About Atarax
Atarax does not cause addiction, so there are no limitations as to the duration of use. Cessation of use does not cause the ‘cancellation syndrome’.
Before you start using Atarax, please, notify your health care provider of any drugs you are currently using or have used until recently. Atarax may interact with other medications. For example, it accelerates the effect of other sedatives, antidepressants, tranquilizers, etc.; therefore, if you are using any, tell your doctor so he or she will help you outline the dosage.
Do not combine Atarax with blood pressure medicines, because this may lead to drastic blood pressure fluctuations and even heart rhythm problems. If the use of any of the aforementioned medicines has given you side effects, do not use Atarax. Consult your physician immediately.
Check the leaflet for information about the drug’s chemical composition. If you are sensitive to any of its components, this may not be the right option for you.
Combined use with alcohol may lead to serious side effects and symptoms that are typical of overdose. If you feel like you have taken more than required, call your doctor immediately! The clinical signs of an overdose are: poor coordination, dry mouth, breathing difficulties, poor sleep, convulsions, rash, ecchymosis, fatigue, etc. In severe cases, patients may suffer dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness and heart trouble.
Before getting the prescription, you must be ready to pass a number of sensitivity tests to ensure you have no contraindications.
Precautions to be Taken While Taking Atarax
Atarax is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation. Also, it should not be used if you have liver or kidney problems, glaucoma, prostate adenoma, urination difficulties, constipation, dementia.
Use of Atarax often causes blurred vision and poor concentration. This is a must-know thing for drivers. Avoid driving if you feel drowsy after using the drug.
It is advisable to check your family members’ health records before using Atarax. Tell your doctor if someone in your family has ever had allergies, liver or kidney problems, cardiovascular disorders, infarction, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, seizures, etc.
You must be particularly careful if you use any type of machinery as required by your occupation. It is likely that you will fail to react adequately due to lack of concentration and get a serious injury.
Children and elderly people tend to be more sensitive to Atarax and other similar drugs.
Possible Adverse Effects
Like most medications, Atarax may cause side effects in some people. The most common side effects include drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, poor sleeping, headache, hallucinations, poor concentration, breathing difficulties, dry mouth, gastric pain, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, poor urination, constipation, high blood pressure, arrhythmia. Some people have tremors, loss of consciousness, convulsions, etc.
If used properly, Atarax does not cause severe side effects. However, if you have any of these conditions, contact your doctor immediately. You may be recommended to reduce the dose. If the side effects get too severe, you may be required to stop using the drug.